Houston ENT and Allergy Blog

Michael P Underbrink, MD

Recent Posts

Laryngopharyngeal Reflux Disease (LPRD): Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment 

By:
Michael P Underbrink, MD
September 22, 2020
September 22, 2020 01:00 PM

  If you've ever had too much beer and pizza, you're probably familiar with the uncomfortable feeling of acid reflux. The hallmarks of reflux are chest pain, nausea, and heartburn. However, there's another condition you should familiarize yourself with — laryngopharyngeal reflux disease (LPRD).… Read More

What are Vocal Cord Nodules? (Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment)

By:
Michael P Underbrink, MD
May 22, 2020
May 22, 2020 04:54 PM
Vocal Cord Nodules

Vocal cord disorders can not only impact your vocal cords, but your voice and ability to talk, too. Vocal cord nodules affect both boys and girls of any age and commonly cause voice problems in both adults and children. What are Nodules of the Vocal Cords? Vocal cord nodules are defined as growths that grow on your vocal cords. But, are vocal cord nodules dangerous? They're benign (non-cancerous) bumps, and can be likened to calluses you get on your hands. Your next question may be, "can vocal cord nodules become cancerous?" Typically, benign nodules go away if you practice voice therapy or rest your voice. It's rare that you would need vocal cord nodules surgery.  Vocal nodules are also called "vocal fold" nodules by doctors and "Singer's nodules" since individuals can inadvertently "abuse" their vocal cords when they use their voice regularly and cause these growth formations along with other related voice problems.… Read More

What is Spasmodic Dysphonia? (Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment)

By:
Michael P Underbrink, MD
May 02, 2020
May 3, 2020 12:36 AM
spasmodic dysphonia

    Spasmodic dysphonia (SD) is defined as a voice disorder. It leads to involuntary spasms in your larynx or voice box muscles. It causes your voice to break and have a strained, tight or strangled sound. Spasmodic dysphonia can lead to issues that range from having difficulty saying one or two words to not having the ability to talk at all. It's a life-long condition, often affecting women (usually between 30 and 50 years old) more than men. … Read More

What is Vocal Abuse/Misuse? (Signs, Causes, and Treatment)

By:
Michael P Underbrink, MD
February 10, 2020
February 10, 2020 03:30 PM
vocal misuse, vocal abuse

  Many individuals require their voices for work. Among those who need their voices for work, most commonly it's singers, public speakers, teachers, sales people, customer service representatives, and lawyers. Around 17.9 million individuals in the United States say they experience issues with their voice. Voice abuse/misuse can be avoided by properly caring for your voice. What Is Vocal Abuse/Misuse? Voice abuse/misuse is where you use your voice in specific ways that can contribute to or cause the development of laryngeal pathologies. This means that you sprain or strain your voice resulting in injury to one or more of your vocal cords. Some include vocal abuse behaviors and using inappropriate vocal components like:… Read More

Vocal Cord Paresis (Paralysis): Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment Options

By:
Michael P Underbrink, MD
October 26, 2019
May 22, 2020 05:07 PM
vocal cord paresis, vocal cord paralysis

View Video Vocal cord paralysis can impact how you speak and breathe, resulting in vocal cord muscle paralysis.This is due to your vocal cords (or your vocal folds) doing much more than simply produce sound. Your vocal cords also keep your airway protected by preventing your saliva, your food and your drinks from entering your trachea (windpipe) and causing you to choke.… Read More

What Is a Speech Pathologist and What Do They Do?

By:
Michael P Underbrink, MD
October 17, 2019
October 17, 2019 05:15 PM
speech pathologist, speech language pathology

  A speech-language disorder is where your ability to understand and/or express ideas and thoughts is impaired. It can affect speaking, writing, reading, interacting socially and processing information. Swallowing and feeding disorders interfere with how you eat and swallow food and beverages safely, and they can affect education performance and overall well-being.… Read More

What is a Videostroboscopy Procedure? (Uses, Indications, and Cost)

By:
Michael P Underbrink, MD
October 11, 2019
October 11, 2019 05:15 PM
laryngoscopy, videostroboscopy

  Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) specialists provide state-of-the-art technology to diagnose and treat voice disorders. One essential tool they use in the evaluation process is videostroboscopy.   What Is a Videostroboscopy Procedure? A videostroboscopy procedure is a non-invasive exam of your larynx. It's thought to be the gold standard in laryngeal examinations. There are various reasons why you'd be referred for this procedure, including if you're experiencing: Persistent laryngitis Hoarseness Vocal cord dysfunction A foreign or globus body sensation Other vocal complaints… Read More

Laryngoscopy: Types, Procedure, Uses, and Indications

By:
Michael P Underbrink, MD
September 17, 2019
September 17, 2019 04:15 PM
laryngitis, laryngoscopy

  It's essential you keep a healthy larynx since it contains your vocal cords (folds). Air passes through your larynx and over your vocal cords, causing them to vibrate which produces sound. It helps you breathe, talk and swallow. It's positioned at the top of your trachea or windpipe at the back of the throat. It contains your vocal cords that vibrate, making sounds as you speak. Your doctor will use a laryngoscope (a small hand tool) to look into your larynx as well as other surrounding parts of your throat or if they need to insert a tube into your trachea to help you breathe. Laryngoscopy Definition Laryngoscopy definition: Laryngoscopy is a visual exam using a throat scope to view below the back of the throat where your larynx that contains your vocal cords is. It's an efficient procedure to help the doctor discover the cause of:… Read More

Acute Laryngitis vs Chronic Laryngitis: Symptoms, Differences, Diagnosis, and Treatment

By:
Michael P Underbrink, MD
September 12, 2019
January 7, 2020 08:16 PM
laryngitis, acute laryngitis, chronic laryngitis

  Laryngitis is where your larynx (voice box) becomes inflamed due to irritation, overuse or infection. You can have acute (short-lived) laryngitis or chronic (long-lasting) laryngitis. Either way, the symptoms can interfere with your daily life.  Here you'll learn the definition and differences of acute vs chronic laryngitis in terms of symptoms, diagnosis and treatment.   What is Acute Laryngitis? Acute laryngitis usually is a short-lived illness that produces a sore throat and hoarseness. Often, it's caused by an upper respiratory tract infection.  It typically lasts for around three to seven days. It might have infectious causes or non-infectious causes like straining the vocal cords by overusing your voice or gastrointestinal reflux disease (GERD) could cause it which is known as reflux laryngitis. … Read More

Inflammation of Your Larynx (Voice Box): Signs, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

By:
Michael P Underbrink, MD
September 06, 2019
September 12, 2019 08:58 PM
laryngitis, hoarse throat, voice box

 … Read More

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